.Adam is also an expert in economics and behavioral finance in addition to his extensive derivative trading knowledge.After earning a master's degree in economics from The New School for Social Research, Adam earned a doctorate in sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.A CFA charterholder, he is also licensed by FINRA as a Series 7 and 63 representative.Currently, he is an assistant professor at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

In the video, you are looking at: 1.Who are the two biggest processor manufacturers?

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The two main choices consumers have when purchasing a Windows-based desktop or laptop are Intel Corporation (INTC) and Advanced Micro Devices Inc.DevicesInc. DevicesInc..The Silicon Valley part of California, where both companies were founded over 50 years ago, is now known as Silicon Valley.

These two companies were the only two to have been able to dominate the semiconductor market segment in the last half century.Let's examine the history of Intel and AMD's competition and see why AMD has been Intel's only real rival, and why that is so.

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AMD and Intel: A Brief History

.Neither man worked at Fairchild Semiconductor, a pioneer in integrated circuit technology.

Former Fairchild Semiconductor employees also founded AMD a few months later in 1969.Both companies have similar origins and lineages.It was then that they became fierce rivals, both trying to outdo one another with the latest technology and most powerful processors to run the world"s computers.

Industry Giants Compete

Following the release of the x86 chipset and its initial public offering (IPO) in 1971, Intel became the dominant player in the microprocessor industry.Intel's market capitalization is $213 billion as of August 2021, while AMD's is $127 billion.

In the semiconductor industry, AMD has been the perennial underdog compared with Intel for much of its history.In the CPU market, Intel has dominated the majority of segments, including high-end performance processors.AMD focused on low-cost, budget-friendly chipsets for the midrange and low-range.The average computer user has long regarded Intel chips as more stable and easier to use than most other chips.A sophisticated user could overclock AMD's chips (a method of running a CPU at a faster speed) by using a circuit board.

AMD was destined to fall behind Intel in market share for many years.AMD had a quarter of the CPU market until about 2016, while Intel dominated more than 70%.

AMD Cutting into Intel's Market Share

AMD introduced its very successful Ryzen microprocessor in March 2017, positioning it as an affordable alternative to high-end CPUs and a product that could compete with Intel's best chips.The Ryzen processor was a totally new design capable of exceeding overclocking records while still being affordable for budget-conscious consumers.

Ryzen's performance and speed increased AMD's sales.AMD had 23% of the CPU market share in 2019, and by Q3 2021, it will own nearly 40%.AMD had 32% of the desktop PC market in 2019, and by 2021, the share is evenly split between Intel and AMD.AMD still trails Intel in terms of market share, but its products are gaining market share.

Outside Competition Has Come and Gone

In the reader's mind, Intel and AMD are the only processor manufacturers worth considering.It may be true for Windows-based computers, but it isn't true for all computers.

Broadcom Inc. (AVGO) and Qualcomm Inc. (QCOM) are the three companies that make central processors.Despite that, many of these companies have specialized in other segments of the consumer electronics market and have avoided PCs.Their products, for example, are the brains of many of the world's smartphones and tablets.The iPhone (AAPL) has been powered by processors made by Samsung and Taiwan Semiconductor (TSM).As of now, Intel and AMD focus on the PC and PC gaming markets (including video graphics cards or GPUs).

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